Nickel-Free High-Nitrogen Stainless Steel

Oct 21, 2016 by in GENERAL SURGERY Comments Off on Nickel-Free High-Nitrogen Stainless Steel

Year Fabrication technology/facilities 1950s Pressurized melting technology 1960s Pressurized ESR furnace (Lab-scale, Bohler) Pressurized plasma melting furnace (Patton Research Institute) 1970s Pressurized ESR furnace (Bohler, 1–2 t) 1980s First mass…

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Titanium Alloys for Biomedical Applications

Oct 21, 2016 by in GENERAL SURGERY Comments Off on Titanium Alloys for Biomedical Applications

Fig. 8.1 Schematic explanation of α-, (α + β)-, and β-type titanium alloys based on crystal structure (Reprinted with permission from Ref. [10]. Copyright 2013, Jpn Soc For Bone Morphometry) On the…

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Cytotoxicity of Metallic Biomaterials

Oct 21, 2016 by in GENERAL SURGERY Comments Off on Cytotoxicity of Metallic Biomaterials

Fig. 14.1 Cytotoxicity test methods. Agar diffusion method is one of the methods of “test by indirect contact” Most metallic biomaterials are alloys which consist of several kinds of metallic…

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Niobium Biomaterials

Oct 21, 2016 by in GENERAL SURGERY Comments Off on Niobium Biomaterials

Material Tensile strength (MPa) 0.2 % Yield strength (MPa) Elongation (%) Elastic modulus (GPa) Reference 316L 595 275 60 193 [1] Nb 195 105 25 103 [2] Nb-1Zr 241 138…

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Metallurgy of Spinal Instrumentation

Oct 21, 2016 by in GENERAL SURGERY Comments Off on Metallurgy of Spinal Instrumentation

Fig. 3.1 Common spine anatomy. Note the anterior/posterior curvature typical of a normal, healthy spine (Reprinted from Ref. [1]. Copyright 2011 with permission from Suanders Elsevier) The basic anatomic building…

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