ANATOMY

C

Jun 12, 2017 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on C

C C fibres small, non-myelinated, free nerve endings within skin, and fibres within mixed nerves, carrying afferent pain impulses from high-threshold polymodal nociceptors; C-fibre nerve endings also secrete bradykinins, initiating…

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P

Jun 12, 2017 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on P

P pacemaker see artificial pacemaker pachyonychia congenita rare, congenital, autosomal-dominant disease characterized by generalized skin thickening and anhidrosis, and marked onychogryphosis of toenails and fingernails developing during babyhood pacinian corpuscles…

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S

Jun 12, 2017 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on S

S sabre tibia anterior (sagittal-plane) bowing of tibia; characteristic of Paget’s disease sac cyst; capsule sacral plexus nerve fibre plexus (originating from spinal nerves L2–S2) that gives rise to all…

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M

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M maceration increase in bulk (with softening) of the stratum corneum; caused by prolonged exposure to sweat or induced by topical application of hydrolysing or caustic chemicals, in treatment of…

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W

Jun 12, 2017 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on W

W Wagner ulcer classification system see Table U2 walking cast see Aircast boot walking cycle gait cycle; see Tables G1, G3 and G5 walking–running cycle see Table G4 Ward’s sign…

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J

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J jellyfish stings acute inflammatory skin reaction, often of legs, from injected jellyfish venom during sea bathing; affected skin areas may show hyperpigmentation Jendrassik’s manoeuvre increased response to a tendon…

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A

Jun 12, 2017 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on A

A ABCDE checklist of premalignant changes in skin lesions, especially moles; lesion asymmetry; border (profile) irregularity; colour variation; diameter increase; evolution (changes over time) (Figure A1) Figure A1 Dorsal foot…

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V

Jun 12, 2017 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on V

V vaccination injection of attenuated (i.e. live) or killed (i.e. dead) culture of a specific microorganism/its exotoxin to induce host immunity to the causative agent vaccine preparation designed to act…

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T

Jun 12, 2017 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on T

T T1-weighted images; T1W magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequencing that demonstrates anatomy (i.e. fat-/hydrogen-containing structures appear white); contrast with short T1 inverse recovery imaging; STIR T2-weighted images; T2W MRI sequencing…

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O

Jun 12, 2017 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on O

O Ober’s test see test, Ober’s obese an adult who is more than 20% heavier than their height related ideal weight, with a body mass index of >25 and/or having…

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