ANATOMY

Kidney, Adrenal, Ureters, and Bladder

Oct 16, 2018 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on Kidney, Adrenal, Ureters, and Bladder

Kidney, Adrenal, Ureters, and Bladder LEFT ADRENAL (LEFT ADRENALECTOMY) INCISION Reflect the chest plate superiorly and the abdominal wall inferiorly (see Figs. 3.2 and 5.1), remove the previously dissected organs,…

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Stomach, Duodenum, and Esophagus

Oct 16, 2018 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on Stomach, Duodenum, and Esophagus

Stomach, Duodenum, and Esophagus VAGUS NERVES (TRUNCAL AND HIGHLY SELECTIVE VAGOTOMY) INCISION Access to the chest and abdomen will facilitate this procedure (Figs. 3.2 and 5.1). If the chest has…

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Small and Large Intestine

Oct 16, 2018 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on Small and Large Intestine

Small and Large Intestine OMENTUM (OMENTAL MOBILIZATION, OMENTECTOMY) INCISION Beginning at the xiphoid process, make a full-thickness bilateral subcostal incision through all abdominal wall layers. Use the mid- or posterior…

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Thorax

Oct 15, 2018 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on Thorax

Thorax DIAPHRAGM, VAGUS, AND PHRENIC NERVES (FIRST SECTION DIAPHRAGM INCISIONS) PERICARDIAL WINDOW You may choose to perform a pericardial window to start this chapter. If not, skip to Incision (next…

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Head and Neck

Oct 15, 2018 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on Head and Neck

Head and Neck PAROTID GLAND AND FACIAL NERVE (PAROTIDECTOMY) INCISION Perform an S-shaped preauricular incision extending from the top of the external ear to the midneck (Fig. 1.1). OPERATIVE PROCEDURE…

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Reproductive Disorders

Sep 22, 2018 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on Reproductive Disorders

Reproductive Disorders AMENORRHEA Amenorrhea is the abnormal absence of menstruation. Absence of menstruation is normal before puberty, after menopause, or during pregnancy and lactation; it’s pathologic at any other time….

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Renal Disorders

Sep 22, 2018 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on Renal Disorders

Renal Disorders ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY (ACUTE RENAL FAILURE) Acute kidney injury, formerly known as acute renal failure, is the sudden interruption of renal function. Acute kidney injury can be caused…

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Sensory Disorders

Sep 22, 2018 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on Sensory Disorders

Sensory Disorders CATARACT Acataract is a gradually developing opacity of the lens or lens capsule. Light shining through the cornea is blocked by this opacity, and a blurred image is…

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