GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE

Arterial Blood Gases

Jul 16, 2017 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on Arterial Blood Gases

Figure 41.1. Oxygen dissociation curve. Source: This figure was published in Walker HK, Hall WD, Hurst JW, Hurst HW. Clinical Methods, 3rd ed. 1990:256. Boston: Butterworths. © Elsevier.     Although they…

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EKG Refresher

Jul 16, 2017 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on EKG Refresher

Figure 86.1. Normal Rate and Intervals. Provided regular rhythm, heart rate = 1500/# of small boxes between two consecutive R waves or 300/# of large boxes between two consecutive R…

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Board Practice 1

Jul 16, 2017 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on Board Practice 1

Figure 107.1. Image of the skin rash from the patient described in Question 2. What is the most likely diagnosis?     A. Inadequately treated Lyme disease     B. Babesiosis     C. Malaria     D….

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Chest X-Ray Refresher

Jul 16, 2017 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on Chest X-Ray Refresher

Figure 37.1. Hemoptysis: chest x-ray 1.     The differential diagnosis of a pulmonary cavity includes tuberculosis, bacterial lung abscess, lung cancer, and pulmonary vasculitis (e.g., granulomatosis with polyangiitis). The upper lobe…

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Urinalysis

Jul 16, 2017 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on Urinalysis

SOURCE: Woo K, Lau YK. Singapore Med J. 2001;42(8):385–389. Summary of Key Points in Proteinuria • Urine dipstick test is most sensitive to albumin and less sensitive to low-molecular-weight proteins….

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Adult Congenital Heart Disease

Jul 16, 2017 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on Adult Congenital Heart Disease

Figure 84.1. Anatomic Types of Interatrial Communications (see text for description). Atrial septal defect (ASD) 1° denotes primum ASD; ASD 2° denotes secundum ASD.     In young adults, the dominant interatrial…

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Neurology Summary

Jul 16, 2017 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on Neurology Summary

EVALUATION OF SENSORY SYMPTOMS Sensory symptoms may arise from lesions in the peripheral nerve, or in central sensory pathways from the dorsal columns and spinothalamic tracts as they traverse the…

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Electrolyte Disorders

Jul 16, 2017 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on Electrolyte Disorders

osmoreceptors Carotid sinusAfferent arterioleAtriaEffectors     AVP     Thirst Sympathetic nervous systemRenin-angiotensin-aldosterone systemANP/BNPAVP What is affected     Urine osmolality     Water intake Urinary sodium excretionVascular tone NOTES: See text for details. AVP = arginine vasopressin;…

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Cardiology Summary

Jul 16, 2017 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on Cardiology Summary

Figure 88.1. The Framingham 10-year Cardiovascular Disease Risk Calculator. Point of care assessment for cardiovascular disease risk may be performed using various validated risk models. In the Framingham risk calculator,…

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