2: The Abdomen and Pelvis

Jun 28, 2019 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on 2: The Abdomen and Pelvis

Part 2The Abdomen and Pelvis Surface anatomy and surface markings Examination of the patient’s abdomen requires not only skill and gentleness but also detailed knowledge of its anatomy. Look at…

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5: The Head and Neck

Jun 28, 2019 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on 5: The Head and Neck

Part 5The Head and Neck Surface anatomy of the neck Introduction The differential diagnosis of lumps in the neck and the effective clinical and surgical management of pathological lesions in…

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1: The Thorax

Jun 28, 2019 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on 1: The Thorax

Part 1The Thorax Introduction The clinical anatomy of the thorax, together with the anatomy of radiological and other imaging techniques of the thorax are in daily use in clinical practice….

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4: The Lower Limb

Jun 28, 2019 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on 4: The Lower Limb

Part 4The Lower Limb Surface anatomy and surface markings of the lower limb Anatomically the upper and lower limbs are comparable to each other as regards the arrangement of the…

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6: The Nervous System

Jun 28, 2019 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on 6: The Nervous System

Part 6The Nervous System Introduction For descriptive purposes, the nervous system can be divided, topographically, into two parts: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. The central nervous…

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3: The Upper Limb

Jun 28, 2019 by in ANATOMY Comments Off on 3: The Upper Limb

Part 3The Upper Limb Surface anatomy and surface markings of the upper limb Much of the surface anatomy of the limbs can be studied on oneself, or on an obliging…

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Water, sodium and potassium

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Water, sodium and potassium

Chapter 2 Water, sodium and potassium Introduction Water distribution Water accounts for approximately 60% of body weight in men and 55% in women, the difference reflecting the typically greater body…

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Hydrogen ion homoeostasis and blood gases

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Hydrogen ion homoeostasis and blood gases

Chapter 3 Hydrogen ion homoeostasis and blood gases Introduction The normal processes of metabolism result in the net formation of 40–80 mmol of hydrogen ions per 24 h, principally from the oxidation…

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The kidneys

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on The kidneys

Chapter 4 The kidneys Introduction The kidneys have three major functions: • excretion of waste • maintenance of extracellular fluid (ECF) volume and composition, including acid-base balance • hormone synthesis….

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Lipids, lipoproteins and cardiovascular disease

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Lipids, lipoproteins and cardiovascular disease

Chapter 14 Lipids, lipoproteins and cardiovascular disease Introduction The major lipids present in the plasma are fatty acids, triglycerides, cholesterol and phospholipids. Other lipid-soluble substances, present in much smaller amounts…

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