BIOCHEMISTRY

Basic Synthesis and Reaction Chemistry

Jun 18, 2017 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Basic Synthesis and Reaction Chemistry

A. UNDERLYING PRINCIPLES Figure 3.1 shows the three main reaction manifolds that underlie materials synthesis. The main sources of synthesized materials are oil and minerals. As a general rule, organic…

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Glasses and Ceramics

Jun 18, 2017 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Glasses and Ceramics

A. OVERVIEW The technology of glass and ceramics is one of the oldest human activities. The fabrication of food and liquid storage containers from clay and glass, and the production…

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Polymers

Jun 18, 2017 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Polymers

A. OVERVIEW Two of the largest areas of materials chemistry involve polymers and ceramics, and both of these areas share similarities at the fundamental science level. A consideration of polymers…

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Semiconductors and Related Materials

Jun 18, 2017 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Semiconductors and Related Materials

A. IMPORTANCE OF SEMICONDUCTORS Semiconductors are found in virtually every technological device, from computers, telephones, radios, light-emitting diodes, lasers, and television screens to medical sensors, smoke detectors, cameras, and automobile…

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Optical and Photonic Materials

Jun 18, 2017 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Optical and Photonic Materials

A. OVERVIEW 1. Passive versus Responsive Optical Materials The optical properties of materials have been important almost from the beginnings of civilization. Windows, decorative glass, and jewelry are well-known examples….

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Metals

Jun 18, 2017 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Metals

A. IMPORTANT ASPECTS OF METAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 1. Background Most of the elements in the periodic table are metals, which is one reason why they play such an important…

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Small Molecules in Solids

Jun 18, 2017 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Small Molecules in Solids

A. IMPORTANCE OF SMALL-MOLECULE MATERIALS Small molecules in solids play an important role in electronics, photonics, and molecular separations. Small molecules can become assembled in the solid state in several…

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