BIOCHEMISTRY

Water, sodium and potassium

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Water, sodium and potassium

Chapter 2 Water, sodium and potassium Introduction Water distribution Water accounts for approximately 60% of body weight in men and 55% in women, the difference reflecting the typically greater body…

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Hydrogen ion homoeostasis and blood gases

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Hydrogen ion homoeostasis and blood gases

Chapter 3 Hydrogen ion homoeostasis and blood gases Introduction The normal processes of metabolism result in the net formation of 40–80 mmol of hydrogen ions per 24 h, principally from the oxidation…

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The kidneys

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on The kidneys

Chapter 4 The kidneys Introduction The kidneys have three major functions: • excretion of waste • maintenance of extracellular fluid (ECF) volume and composition, including acid-base balance • hormone synthesis….

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Lipids, lipoproteins and cardiovascular disease

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Lipids, lipoproteins and cardiovascular disease

Chapter 14 Lipids, lipoproteins and cardiovascular disease Introduction The major lipids present in the plasma are fatty acids, triglycerides, cholesterol and phospholipids. Other lipid-soluble substances, present in much smaller amounts…

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The locomotor and nervous systems

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on The locomotor and nervous systems

Chapter 15 The locomotor and nervous systems Introduction It is convenient to consider these systems in the same chapter. Although the diseases that affect them may show little or no…

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Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism

Chapter 11 Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism Introduction Glucose is a major energy substrate. It typically provides more than half the total energy requirements of a typical ‘western’ diet and is…

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The liver

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on The liver

Chapter 5 The liver Introduction The liver is of vital importance in intermediary metabolism and in the detoxification and elimination of toxic substances (Fig. 5.1). Damage to the organ may…

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Plasma proteins and enzymes

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Plasma proteins and enzymes

Chapter 13 Plasma proteins and enzymes Introduction Proteins are present in all body fluids, but it is the proteins of the blood plasma that are examined most frequently for diagnostic…

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The thyroid gland

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on The thyroid gland

Chapter 9 The thyroid gland Introduction The thyroid gland secretes three hormones: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), both of which are iodinated derivatives of tyrosine (Fig. 9.1), and calcitonin, a…

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The adrenal glands

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on The adrenal glands

Chapter 8 The adrenal glands Introduction The adrenal glands have two functionally distinct parts: the cortex and the medulla. The adrenal cortex is essential to life; it produces three classes…

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