Cytomegaloviruses

Aug 12, 2016 by in MICROBIOLOGY Comments Off on Cytomegaloviruses

Cytomegaloviruses Edward S. Mocarski Jr Thomas Shenk Paul D. Griffiths Robert F. Pass Introduction Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a ubiquitous virus infection with worldwide distribution. The virus is the most…

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Herpesviridae

Aug 12, 2016 by in MICROBIOLOGY Comments Off on Herpesviridae

Herpesviridae Philip E. Pellett Bernard Roizman Who made the world I cannot tell; ‘Tis made, and here I am in hell. My hand, though now my knuckles bleed, I never…

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Circoviridae

Aug 12, 2016 by in MICROBIOLOGY Comments Off on Circoviridae

Circoviridae Xiang-Jin Meng History The prototype circovirus, porcine circovirus (PCV), was first reported in 1974 as papovavirus-like and picornavirus-like particles in a contaminated porcine kidney cell line PK-15.106 The name…

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Parvoviridae

Aug 12, 2016 by in MICROBIOLOGY Comments Off on Parvoviridae

Parvoviridae Kenneth I. Berns Colin R. Parrish Introduction and History Parvoviruses are small, nonenveloped viruses with a linear, single-strand DNA (ssDNA) genome of about 5,000 bases. The family Parvoviridae (Table…

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Adenoviruses

Aug 12, 2016 by in MICROBIOLOGY Comments Off on Adenoviruses

Adenoviruses William S.M. Wold Michael G. Ison History During attempts to establish tissue culture lines from tonsils and adenoidal tissue surgically removed from children, Rowe and colleagues613 recognized that a…

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Adenoviridae

Aug 12, 2016 by in MICROBIOLOGY Comments Off on Adenoviridae

Adenoviridae Arnold J. Berk Adenoviruses were first isolated and characterized in 1953 by two groups who were searching for the etiologic agents of acute respiratory infections.134,283 The two isolated viruses…

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Human Immunodeficiency Viruses: Replication

Aug 12, 2016 by in MICROBIOLOGY Comments Off on Human Immunodeficiency Viruses: Replication

Human Immunodeficiency Viruses: Replication Eric O. Freed Malcolm A. Martin Introduction In the late 1970s and early 1980s, previously healthy patients with symptoms of immunologic dysfunction sought advice and treatment…

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Foamy Viruses

Aug 12, 2016 by in MICROBIOLOGY Comments Off on Foamy Viruses

Foamy Viruses Axel Rethwilm Dirk Lindemann The name foamy virus (FV) was coined in the 1950s to acknowledge the spontaneous emergence of the typical foamy cytopathic effect (CPE) produced in…

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Papillomaviruses

Aug 12, 2016 by in MICROBIOLOGY Comments Off on Papillomaviruses

Papillomaviruses Peter M. Howley John T. Schiller Douglas R. Lowy The papillomaviruses (PVs) comprise a group of nonenveloped epitheliotropic DNA viruses that induce benign lesions of the skin (warts) and…

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Polyomaviruses

Aug 12, 2016 by in MICROBIOLOGY Comments Off on Polyomaviruses

Polyomaviruses James A. DeCaprio Michael J. Imperiale Eugene O. Major History Polyomaviruses are found ubiquitously in a broad range of avian and mammalian species. Polyomaviruses can cause severe illness and…

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