5 Digestive Diseases

Nov 3, 2016 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on 5 Digestive Diseases

DISEASE STATES ASSOCIATED WITH ABDOMINAL PAIN (ACUTE AND CHRONIC) Definition Acute abdomen is defined as an episode of severe abdominal pain that lasts several hours or longer and requires medical…

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12 Renal Disorders

Nov 3, 2016 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on 12 Renal Disorders

Definition Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously known as acute renal failure (ARF), is characterized by a rapid decline in kidney function that limits its ability to maintain homeostasis and eliminate…

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3 Cardiovascular Disorders

Nov 3, 2016 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on 3 Cardiovascular Disorders

CHEST PAIN CHEST PAIN: ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROMES Definition Chest pain accounts for over 6 million annual emergency department visits and 3 million hospital admissions in the United States. The differential…

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10 Hereditary and Genetic Diseases

Nov 3, 2016 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on 10 Hereditary and Genetic Diseases

OVERVIEW MOLECULAR DIAGNOSIS: TYPES OF GENETIC TESTING Diagnostic genetic testing: Confirmatory test for symptomatic individuals. Presymptomatic genetic testing: Carried out in people without symptoms for estimating the risk of developing…

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4 Central Nervous System Disorders

Nov 3, 2016 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on 4 Central Nervous System Disorders

DISORDERS OF COGNITION AND DEMENTIA INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY Definition Intellectual disability (ID) is defined by the DSM-IV1 as significant subaverage intellectual function, significant limitations in adaptive functioning, and onset before 18…

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11 Infectious Diseases

Nov 3, 2016 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on 11 Infectious Diseases

INFECTIOUS DISEASES CAUSED BY BACTERIAL PATHOGENS Bacterial pathogens may be classified by criteria such as Gram stain characteristics (gram-positive or gram-negative), shape (cocci, bacilli, coccobacilli, curved bacilli, spiral bacteria), growth…

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2 Autoimmune Diseases

Nov 3, 2016 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on 2 Autoimmune Diseases

Genetic susceptibility, mostly due to linkage to particular HLA molecules Environmental triggers (e.g., drugs, chemicals) Infectious agents (e.g., Mycoplasma pneumoniae, HIV) Loss of regulatory T cells Defects in cytokine production…

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