GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE

Preparing for assessment

Dec 29, 2019 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on Preparing for assessment

General principles Clinical assessments are integral to undergraduate and postgraduate medical education and training, and are designed to verify that those involved in the care of patients meet safe clinical…

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The frail elderly patient

Dec 29, 2019 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on The frail elderly patient

Assessment of the frail elderly patient Comprehensive geriatric assessment is an evidence-based process that improves outcomes. It involves taking the history from the patient and, with the patient’s consent, from…

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The skin, hair and nails

Dec 29, 2019 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on The skin, hair and nails

Dermatological conditions are very common (10–15% of general practice consultations) and present to doctors in all specialties. In the UK, 50% are lesions (‘lumps and bumps’), including skin cancers, and…

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The visual system

Dec 29, 2019 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on The visual system

Anatomy and physiology The eye is a complex structure situated in the bony orbit. It is protected by the eyelid, which affords protection against injury as well as helping to…

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The endocrine system

Dec 29, 2019 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on The endocrine system

Endocrine glands synthesise hormones that are released into the circulation and act at distant sites. Diseases may result from excessive or inadequate hormone production, or target organ hypersensitivity or resistance…

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The renal system

Dec 29, 2019 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on The renal system

Anatomy and physiology The kidneys lie posteriorly in the abdomen, retroperitoneally on either side of the spine at the T12–L3 level, and are 11–14 cm long ( Fig. 12.1 ). The…

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The respiratory system

Dec 29, 2019 by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE Comments Off on The respiratory system

Anatomy and physiology An understanding of the surface anatomy of the lungs ( Fig. 5.1 ) and their relation to closely adjacent structures is essential for the practice of respiratory…

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