ANATOMY

B

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B Babinski reflex see response, Babinski Babinski’s sign see response, Babinski bacitracin topical antibacterial agent background retinopathy diabetic eye disease characterized by retinal capillary permeability, vein dilatation, micro-aneurysm and haemorrhages…

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H

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H H2O2 see hydrogen peroxide H2-receptor antagonist drug e.g. cimetidine (Tagamet) and ranitidine (Zantac); used to heal gastric and duodenal ulcers and control symptoms of oesophageal reflux (heartburn); contraindicated in…

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N

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N N-A dressing non-adherent wound dressing (see Table D10) naevus benign, localized, overgrowth of skin melanocytes or blood vessels (see ABCDE) naevus pigmentosus; mole congenital, raised/sessile, pigmented, benign skin lesion…

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F

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F Fx, Fy, Fz symbols denoting resolved components of ground reaction force (anteroposterior, vertical and horizontal components respectively); Figure F1 Figure F1 Resolved components of ground reaction force. Fx, anteroposterior;…

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Q

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Q Q angle angle subtended by a line drawn to the vertical bisection of femur and a line drawn from the lateral margin of pelvis to the sagittal plane of…

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G

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G gabapentin anticonvulsant agent with relatively few side-effects; used to treat epilepsy, and in neuropathic pain gait manner of walking (Table G1) Table G1 Gait patterns Gait pattern Characteristics Apropulsive…

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Y

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Y yaws infectious tropical disease, characterized by crusted granulomatous limb lesions yeast infection skin infection due to colonization with Candida albicans yellow-nail syndrome see nails, yellow yield point point when…

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Z

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Z Zadik’s procedure; surgical matrisectomy surgical correction of ingrowing toenail; i.e. reflection of eponychium to access nail matrix; excision of outer margins of nail plate, the local nail wall and…

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U

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U U’d pad see Table P1, Figure P1 UKPDS see United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study ulcer non-healing, chronic wound showing concomitant tissue repair and tissue breakdown, chronic inflammation and deposition…

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R

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R radiation emission of electromagnetic impulses from a source; e.g. visible light, ultraviolet light, infrared light, X-rays, gamma rays radiation damage premalignant and malignant skin lesions (e.g. Bowen’s disease, basal…

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