GENERAL SURGERY

Body Cavities

Aug 4, 2021 by in GENERAL SURGERY Comments Off on Body Cavities

1 Body Cavities 1.1 Definitions, Overview, and Evolution of Body Cavities Definitions The human body, similar to all higher organisms, is organized into a hierarchy of different levels: • A…

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Autonomic Nervous System

Aug 4, 2021 by in GENERAL SURGERY Comments Off on Autonomic Nervous System

10 Autonomic Nervous System 10.1 The Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous Systems The autonomic, or visceral, nervous system innervates the internal organs. It is divided into three parts: the sympathetic, parasympathetic,…

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Endocrine System

Aug 4, 2021 by in GENERAL SURGERY Comments Off on Endocrine System

9 Endocrine System 9.1 Overview of the Endocrine System A The endocrine system By secreting hormones, the endocrine system enables cells to communicate with other cells and coordinates bodily functions….

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Lymphatic System

Aug 4, 2021 by in GENERAL SURGERY Comments Off on Lymphatic System

4 Lymphatic System 4.1 Overview of the Lymphatic System A Lymphatic organs and vessels The lymphatic system, which is widely distributed throughout most of the body, consists of lymphatic organs…

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Exposures in the Lower Extremities

Oct 20, 2020 by in GENERAL SURGERY Comments Off on Exposures in the Lower Extremities

Fig. 11.1 (a) After skin is open, the incision is deepened to the subcutaneous tissue protecting greater saphenous vein. (b) and (c) The deep fascia is dissected and femoral sheet…

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Operations in Trauma

Oct 20, 2020 by in GENERAL SURGERY Comments Off on Operations in Trauma

Fig. 9.1 Renal vascular anatomy Fig. 9.2 AAST Renal Injury Grading Nephrectomy Indications Unstable patient with the kidney being the source of hemorrhage Failed attempts at partial nephrectomy Extensive injury…

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Exposures and Bowel Anastomosis for Trauma

Oct 20, 2020 by in GENERAL SURGERY Comments Off on Exposures and Bowel Anastomosis for Trauma

Fig. 6.1 Line alba (a) and generous incision (b) for laparotomy Intra-abdominal Esophageal Exposure The intra-abdominal esophagus can be difficult to expose, and the difficulty increases with patients who have…

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