Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism

Chapter 11 Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism Introduction Glucose is a major energy substrate. It typically provides more than half the total energy requirements of a typical ‘western’ diet and is…

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The locomotor and nervous systems

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on The locomotor and nervous systems

Chapter 15 The locomotor and nervous systems Introduction It is convenient to consider these systems in the same chapter. Although the diseases that affect them may show little or no…

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The liver

Apr 3, 2019 by in BIOCHEMISTRY Comments Off on The liver

Chapter 5 The liver Introduction The liver is of vital importance in intermediary metabolism and in the detoxification and elimination of toxic substances (Fig. 5.1). Damage to the organ may…

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Plasma proteins and enzymes

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Chapter 13 Plasma proteins and enzymes Introduction Proteins are present in all body fluids, but it is the proteins of the blood plasma that are examined most frequently for diagnostic…

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The thyroid gland

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Chapter 9 The thyroid gland Introduction The thyroid gland secretes three hormones: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), both of which are iodinated derivatives of tyrosine (Fig. 9.1), and calcitonin, a…

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The adrenal glands

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Chapter 8 The adrenal glands Introduction The adrenal glands have two functionally distinct parts: the cortex and the medulla. The adrenal cortex is essential to life; it produces three classes…

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The hypothalamus and the pituitary gland

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Chapter 7 The hypothalamus and the pituitary gland Introduction The pituitary gland consists of two parts, the anterior pituitary, or adenohypophysis, and the posterior pituitary, or neurohypophysis. Although closely related…

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Inherited metabolic diseases

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Chapter 16 Inherited metabolic diseases Introduction Many inherited diseases are known to be due to the genetically determined absence or modification of specific proteins. For example, in sickle cell anaemia,…

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