Ketamine and Phencyclidine

Jan 19, 2020 by in PATHOLOGY & LABORATORY MEDICINE Comments Off on Ketamine and Phencyclidine

Introduction Ketamine and phencyclidine are chemically related to each other and have psychotropic effects similar to those of other prototypical hallucinogens such as lysergic acid diethylamide. Phencyclidine was developed first…

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Nicotine

Jan 19, 2020 by in PATHOLOGY & LABORATORY MEDICINE Comments Off on Nicotine

Epidemiology Cigarette smoking is the principal cause of premature death and disability in the United States. In 2016 about 480,000 deaths in the United States were caused by cigarette smoking….

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Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids

Jan 19, 2020 by in PATHOLOGY & LABORATORY MEDICINE Comments Off on Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids

Introduction Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AASs) refer to the male hormone, testosterone, and many of its natural and synthetic derivatives. All AASs have androgenic (masculinizing) and muscle-specific (anabolic) effects, but some are…

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