Birth and Development of Genetics and Genomics

The Birth and Development of Genetics and Genomics

At the beginning of the 21st century, the Human Genome Project provided a virtually complete sequence of human DNA—our genome (the suffix -ome coming from the Greek for “all” or “complete”)—which now serves as the foundation of efforts to catalogue all human genes, understand their structure and regulation, determine the extent of variation in these genes in different populations, and uncover how genetic variation contributes to disease. The human genome of any individual can now be studied in its entirety, rather than one gene at a time. These developments are making possible the field of genomic medicine, which seeks to apply a large-scale analysis of the human genome and its products, including the control of gene expression, human gene variation, and interactions between genes and the environment, to medical care.

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Nov 27, 2016 | Posted by in GENERAL & FAMILY MEDICINE | Comments Off on Birth and Development of Genetics and Genomics

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